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From CPC Encyclopedia

Previous National People's Congresses


The National People's Congress (in simplified Chinese 全国人民代表大会), abbreviated NPC, is the highest organ of state power. The Standing Committee of the NPC is the permanent organ of the NPC.

The term of office of the NPC and its Standing Committee is five years. The NPC gathers each year at the first quarter and is called by its Standing Committee.

Since 1954, the People's Republic of China has convened 11 National People's Congresses. >>more



The Y-20 (in simplified Chinese 运-20) is China's first domestically developed heavy air freighter that can perform various long-distance transportation tasks. The large military transport aircraft is believed to have been developed by Xi'an Aircraft Industry, a subsidiary of Aviation Industry Corp of China, the major military aircraft manufacturer. The Y-20 held a successful test flight on Saturday, Jan 26, 2013.

Once in service, the Y-20 will significantly strengthen the PLA's long-range transport capability.

"The strategic importance of the Y-20 is even bigger than the J-20 stealth fighter jet and the aircraft carrier," said a military analyst. >>more

Party leaders at provincial level


A list of top officials of the Communist Party of China at the provincial level. >>more

Personnel reshuffle following Party congress


The reshuffle of key political positions in China continues as Yang Xiong was promoted to acting mayor of Shanghai.

Some 12 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in China have named new Party chiefs following the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in November.

These regions are Sichuan, Shaanxi, Jilin, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Guizhou, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing.

Meanwhile, some organs under the CPC Central Committee began personnel changes. >>more

Eight-point regulation


An eight-point regulation (in simplified Chinese 八项规定) was a document adopted in a meeting of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, the country's top-ruling body, on Tuesday, Dec 4, 2012.

The document made explicit requirements on how Political Bureau members should improve their work style in eight aspects, focusing on rejecting extravagance and reducing bureaucratic visits, meetings and empty talk.

The requirements, the first detailed guidance for a new working style adopted after the election of the Political Bureau members in Nov 2012, were issued to strengthen ties between the people and officials, whose malpractice including corruption and power abuse have distanced them from ordinary citizens. >>more

'End of the world' holiday 2012


An "end of the world" holiday is a special holiday set by an Internet company based in Chengdu, Southwest China. The company said employees will get two days off, Dec 20 and 21, because some people believe that Dec 21 will be the end of the world. The unusual holiday went viral on the Internet. >>more

The seven who will run China


To discern China's future, one should know China's leaders, especially Xi Jinping, who was on Nov 15 elected general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, the nation's top leader.

Robert Lawrence, a longtime counselor to China's leaders, says that he is not aware anywhere of better prepared state leaders.

All members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of CPC Central Committee have run large geographic regions and/or ministries. Xi Jinping led three dynamic regions - Fujian and Zhejiang provinces, and Shanghai - that were by population, economic vitality and social challenges the equivalent of three European nations. >>more

Young Chinese will reform leading style: expert


China's next generation of leaders will have to continue leadership reforms to facilitate the country's future development, according to observers at the ongoing Summer Davos forum.

Orville Schell, director of the Center on US-China Relations under the New York-based Asia Society, said the ruling pattern in China has evolved since the death of Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping.

Although some countries have complimented China's efficiency in decisionmaking under the current collective leadership, it is still hard to tell where the Chinese leadership will go after the upcoming power transition, Schell said at the Wednesday session of the three-day Annual Meeting of the New Champions, also known as the Summer Davos, which is being held in north China's port city of Tianjin. >>more

Xi urges to focus on study


Vice-President Xi Jinping urged Party officials not to be distracted by other issues during their short stay this coming semester at the top Party school.

Teachers and students of the Party's education system interpreted Xi's remarks as meaning he expects students to focus on learning rather than taking advantage of a houseful of officials to create relationships, as has happened before.

Xi, who is also president of the Party School of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, told some 1,800 students and faculty members of the school that: "The learning time at Party school is often short."

He added: "Students should settle down, be undistracted and concentrate on learning and discussion." >>more

China vows to defend islands


China and its armed forces have the "confidence, capability" and unwavering determination to defend the Diaoyu Islands, the Defense Ministry said on Thursday.

A think-tank member visiting Beijing also warned that the frequent defense collaboration of the US-Japan alliance has strained the atmosphere of the Asia-Pacific region, and the weakened strategic mutual trust of the US-Japan-China trilateral ties is in "desperate need" of crisis management.

Defense Ministry spokesman Geng Yansheng said at a monthly news conference that the Chinese military is closely watching Japan's moves. "We are against any words or deeds that would escalate or complicate the situation," he said. >>more

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