No 1 Document for 2011 (full text)
3. Strengthen Efforts in Farmland and Other Weaker Areas of Water Conservancy
(6) Develop water conservancy at a large scale. By 2010, the infrastructure expansion and water efficiency enhancement tasks will be basically completed for large-sized irrigation zones, major medium-sized irrigation zones. Keeping in line with the implementation of the plan to increase grain production capacity by 50 million tons nationwide, A number of new irritation areas will be established in regions where water and soil resources permit to increase the effective irrigation area of farmland. Irrigation and drainage pumps will be upgraded for large- and medium-sized irrigation areas to enhance management of key flood prone areas and improve the network of irrigation and drainage. To improve the new mechanism for farmland water conservancy, central and provincial finances shall significantly increase subsidies to water conservancy activities, and municipal and county-level governments shall effectively expand their investments in farmland water conservancy and encourage voluntary labor contribution from farmers. Accelerate the efforts in building key counties of small-sized farmland water conservancy facilities, give priority to major grain-growing counties, strengthen efforts in building final-stage irrigation channels and auxiliary field-mounted facilities, and build farmland to high standards to ensure stable yields regardless of drought and flood. Small- and medium-sized water conservancy facilities shall be built in line with local conditions, supports shall be provided to construction of small water cellars, small water ponds, small dams, small pump stations and small channels, with focus given to old revolutionary base areas, ethnic minority areas border areas and poverty-stricken areas. Aggressively develop the water-efficient irrigation technology, promote such technologies as channel seepage control, piped water transfer and spray and drip irrigation, and increase the coverage of subsidies to water-efficient and drought-relief equipment. Actively develop dry farming and apply such technologies as plastic mulching, deep plowing and protective farming. Steadily develop water conservancy in pasturing areas and build water-efficient grassland irrigation facilities.
(7) Accelerate rehabilitation of small- and medium-sized rivers and reinforcement of small-sized reservoirs. Rehabilitation of small- and medium-sized rivers shall give priority to rivers and river sections where floods and droughts occur frequently, the protected area is densely populated or the subject matter of protection is important. Reinforce embankment and remove sediments to meet national flood control standards. Maintain the soundness of reinforced large- and medium-sized dilapidated reservoirs, accelerate reinforcement of small-sized dilapidated reservoirs, eliminate potential safety hazards of reservoirs as soon as possible, restore the flood control capacity and enhance the capacity of water resource regulation. Press forward with repair and reinforcement of large- and medium-sized gates. Landslide prevention and control shall combine engineering measures and non-engineering measures, the monitoring and early warning system that combines the efforts of both professionals and the masses shall be improved and prevention, circumvention and restoration efforts must be accelerated.
(8) Expedite the efforts to solve engineering-related water shortage. Accelerate major water source projects in the southwestern region and other regions suffering from engineering-related water shortage; combine storage, diversion and lifting with reasonable extraction of groundwater; build a number of small- and medium-sized reservoirs as well as water diversion, lifting and connection facilities at county levels; support farmers to build small-sized and micro water conservancy facilities, significantly improve the capacity of utilizing rain and flood resources and ensuring water supply, and substantially tackle water access problems in water-deficient urban areas and densely populated rural areas.
(9) Improve the emergency response capacity against flood and drought. Improve the emergency management mechanism against flood and drought as possible as possible that is characterized by central steering, tiered responsibility, collaboration, quick response and coordinate, orderly and efficient operation. Enhance the monitoring and early warning capacity, expand investment, consolidate resources and increase the accuracy of weather forecasts, including rain, flood and drought. Establish an emergency response and rescue team that involves professionals and community members, set up flood and drought service organizations at county and village levels, improve the system of emergency supply reserves and improve the emergency preparedness plan. Build a number of emergency water supply facilities against drought that are designed to a reasonable size and appropriate standards. Establish a water reserve system against extraordinary droughts and water security emergencies. Strengthen the efforts to build pilot areas for artificial precipitation enhancement, and reasonably develop and utilize cloud water resources in the air.
(10) Continue to promote drinking water security in rural areas. On-the-plan issues concerning drinking water security in rural areas will be solved by 2013; drinking water insecurity in rural areas will be basically eliminated during the 12th Five-year Plan period. Press forward with the construction of centralized water supply facilities and increase the penetration rate of piped water in rural areas. The centralized water pipe network shall be extended where possible to establish an integrated water supply system for rural and urban areas. Strengthen management of rural drinking water security facilities, assign the responsibility for management and protection responsibilities to specific entities and individuals, intensify protection of water sources and monitoring of water quality, and ensure sustainable service of these facilities. Formulate land use policies in support of drinking water security facilities in rural areas, ensure land supply and apply tax preferences to construction and operation of these facilities. Electricity consumed in water supply shall be billed at the same tariff rate as for residential or agricultural irrigation purposes.
4. Accelerate Development of Water Conservancy Infrastructure in All Respects
(11) Continue efforts in rehabilitating major rivers. Further rehabilitate Huaihe River, rehabilitate the lower reaches of Yellow River, properly control the river regime of middle and lower reaches of Yangzi River, continue to advance the watercourse rehabilitation and embankment construction of major rivers, strengthen integrated management of Taihu Lake, Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake, accelerate construction of flood detention zones and reasonably arrange for resettlement of local residents. Improve the safety of beach areas in the lower reaches of Yellow River. Complete a number of flood control projects during the 12th Five-year Plan and continuously increase the flood regulation capacity. Step up the efforts in construction of urban flood control projects to higher standards. Push ahead with sea wall construction and trans-boundary river rehabilitation.
(12) Step up efforts in water resource allocation projects. Improve the strategic allocation of water resources. Complete a number of key water source projects and watercourse interconnection projects at no ecological cost as soon as possible, and increase the ability to regulate water resources and assure water supply. Accelerate the Middle Route Project (MRP) for South-to-North Water Transfer (Phase I) and auxiliary works, ensure the quality of works, and conduct researches on the Western Route Project (WRP) for South-to-North Water Transfer at appropriate time. Move forward with a number of inter-basin and inter-regional water transfer projects. Endeavor to tackle water shortage in northwestern and other regions deficient in water resources. Promote wastewater treatment and reuse, carry out desalination and integrated use of seawater and pay due attention to use of rainwater and brackish water.
(13) Deliver good performance in soil and water conservation and water-related ecological protection. Implement national key projects for water and soil conservation. Effectively prevent soil erosion by means of integrated management of small watersheds, silt dams, slope farmland improvement, planting and ecological rehabilitation. Step up the efforts to prevent and control soil erosion in the upper and middle reaches of Yangtze River and Yellow River, rock desertification areas in the southwestern region and the black soil areas in the northeast region, and other critical regions and landslide prone areas. Continue the efforts in water-related ecological rehabilitation of ecologically vulnerable rivers and regions. Accelerate restoration of the aqueous environment of heavily polluted rivers and lakes. Strengthen protection of important ecological reserves, water conservation areas, river headwaters and wetlands. Implement integrated management of rural watercourses and strengthen development of ecological and clean small watersheds. Strengthen supervision and management of water and soil conservation in production and construction projects. Establish and improve the processes of water and soil conservation and of compensation for occupation of water conservancy facilities and watersheds in construction projects.
(14) Reasonably harness water resources. Accelerate exploitation and utilization of water resources without compromise of ecological and farmers’ interests. Strike a balance among flood control, irrigation, water supply, power generation and shipping. Formulate reasonable plans, actively develop hydropower, enhance hydro resource management, regulate the exploitation permission process and intensify supervision of hydropower safety. Vigorously develop rural hydropower, actively carry out the new-rural-community hydropower counties
program and the firewood-to-small-hydropower transformation program, and properly implement the rural hydropower grid upgrading project.
(15) Intensify scientific and technological supports in terms of hydrometeorology and water conservancy Step up the efforts in construction of hydro-meteorological infrastructures, expand the coverage and optimize the structure of their network, endeavor to improve hydrological surveying and reporting capacity in critical regions, important cities and groundwater over-extraction areas, expedite the emergency monitoring capacity, promote data sharing and improve services in all respects. Improve the system of innovation in water conservancy science and technology, intensify the infrastructure platform construction, step up basic research and technological R&D, make new breakthroughs in key areas, critical aspects and core technologies of water conservation, deliver a number of research findings of great practical value and step up the efforts to import and promote leading technologies. Improve technical equipment for water conservancy. Develop and improve technical standards for the water conservancy sector. Press forward with IT-based water conservancy development, implement the Golden Water Conservancy Project, accelerate the efforts to build the national flood and drought control system and the water resource management information, increase the IT performance in water resource regulation, water conservancy management and operation of projects, and use IT as a driver of water conservancy modernization. Strengthen international communication and cooperation on water conservancy.