Tibet commemorates 60th anniversary of liberation
Updated: 2011-07-08 17:30:25
A forum was held on Thursday morning as the Tibet autonomous region celebrated the 60th anniversary of its peaceful liberation. Since 7 am, members of the People's Political Consultative Conference of Tibet Autonomous Region and people from all social circles celebrated the 60th anniversary of Tibet's peaceful liberation.
Participants reviewed the liberation, which changed the course of Tibet, and talked about Tibet’s 60 years of economic and social development. All the people agreed that now is a period of rapid development for Tibet, and Tibetans are living their happiest lives.
"On May 23, 1951, my father Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme, as a diplomat of Tibetan local government, signed a ‘17-Article Agreement’ with the Central People's Government in Beijing. That is a declaration of Tibet’s peaceful liberation and a great event in modern Chinese history," said an emotional Jin Yuan, member of the national committee of CPPCC, as he talked about his father's efforts.
Gongjue Baimu, former vice chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference of Tibet Autonomous Region, said she witnessed the darkness and poverty of old Tibet, as well as the profound changes of Tibet when Tibet developed under the leadership of the new Communist Party of China.
"Old Tibet, especially Tibetan women, whether in society or in the family, had no rights, even the aristocratic women. There was no place for them in politics. At that time, women were called 'slut',” she said, adding that this feudal concept of male superiority caused more than 90% of women in old Tibet to be illiterate.
At the same time, women also had to bring up children, do housework, and do other heavy manual labor. Today, women hold up “half the sky” in new Tibet, revealing a new living style. Gongjuebaimu said that among the NPC deputies and CPPCC members, entrepreneurs, community leaders, and other representatives, the proportion of women is on the rise. She said: "The change of status of women in Tibet reflects tremendous economic and social developments and progress of human rights."
The president of the Buddhist Association’s Tibet Branch Tudeng Kezhu said, ”For me, in the past I lived in tents, had a nomadic life. Now I live in a house. Earth-shaking changes occurred in every person's life.”
He also said that 60 years ago in Tibet, butter or pine oil was used for lighting, as there was no electricity. Now, most parts of Tibet have access to electricity, and even the agricultural and pastoral areas can get radio and TV signals. Telephones, mobile phones and other modern communication devices have been gradually spreading in agricultural and pastoral areas, and the people's material life and cultural life are improved.
In the 1950s, Tudeng Kezhu was identified as the seventh Living Buddha. Now, he is the vice chairman of Tibet Autonomous Region, vice chairman of China Buddhist Association, and the CPPCC standing committee member. Tudeng Kezhu said that so-called Tibet independence is a product of imperialists’ attempt to divide China. The separatists attempted to split Tibet from China, despite the fact that the Tibet territory belongs to China.
He said: "History makes a grand unified Chinese nation, that is the common aspiration of all nationalities, and now is the period that Tibet is growing fastest, Tibetans live the happiest lives."
The forum was hosted by Pagbalha Geleg Namgyai, vice chairman of CPPCC and chairman of People's Political Consultative Conference of Tibet Autonomous Region.
Edited by Han Xiaopeng