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Previous National People's Congresses

CPC Encyclopedia

The National People's Congress (in simplified Chinese 全国人民代表大会), abbreviated NPC, is the highest organ of state power. The Standing Committee of the NPC is the permanent organ of the NPC. The term of office of the NPC and its Standing Committee is five years. The NPC gathers each year at the first quarter and is called by its Standing Committee. Since 1954, the People's Republic of China has convened 11 National People's Congresses.

 Congress Time  Total deputies  Chairman Previous sessions 
 First  Sept 1954-April 1959 1,226  Liu Shaoqi 

First Session of the First National People's Congress (Sept 1954)

Second Session of the First National People's Congress (July 1955) 

Third Session of the First National People's Congress (June 1956)

Fourth Session of the First National People's Congress (June 1957)

Fifth Session of the First National People's Congress (Feb 1958)

Second   April 1959-Jan 1965 1,226  Zhu De

First Session of the Second National People's Congress (April 1959)

Second Session of the Second National People's Congress (March-April 1960)

Third Session of the Second National People's Congress (March-April 1962)

Fourth Session of the Second National People's Congress (Nov-Dec 1963) 

 Third Jan 1965-Jan 1975  3,040  Zhu De

First Session of the Third National People's Congress (Dec 1964-Jan 1965) 

 Fourth Jan 1975-March 1978  2,885  Zhu De

First Session of the Fourth National People's Congress (Jan 1975) 

 Fifth March 1978-June 1983  3,497  Ye Jianying 

Frist Session of the Fifth National People's Congress (Feb-March 1978)

Second Session of the Fifth National People's Congress (June-July 1979)

Third Session of the Fifth National People's Congress (August-Sept 1980)

Fourth Session of the Fifth National People's Congress (Nov-Dec 1981)

Fifth Session of the Fifth National People's Congress (Nov-Dec 1982) 

Sixth  June 1983-April 1988  2,978  Peng Zhen 

First Session of the Sixth National People's Congress (June 1983)

Second Session of the Sixth National People's Congress (May 1984)

Third Session of the Sixth National People's Congress (March-April 1985)

Fourth Session of the Sixth National People's Congress (March-April 1986)

Fifth Session of the Sixth National People's Congress (March-April 1987) 

Seventh  April 1988-March 1993  2,978   Wan Li

First Session of the Seventh National People's Congress (March-April 1988)

Second Session of the Seventh National People's Congress (March-April 1989) 

Third Session of the Seventh National People's Congress (March-April 1990)

Fourth Session of the Seventh National People's Congress (March-April 1991)

Fifth Session of the Seventh National People's Congress (March-April 1992)

 Eighth March 1993-March 1998  2,977  Qiao Shi 

First Session of the Eighth National People's Congress (March 1993)

Second Session of the Eighth National People's Congress (March 1994)

Third Session of the Eighth National People's Congress (March 1995)

Fourth Session of the Eighth National People's Congress (March 1996)

Fifth Session of the Eighth National People's Congress (March 1997) 

 Ninth March 1998-March 2003  2,980  Li Peng 

First Session of the Ninth National People's Congress (March 1998) 

Second Session of the Ninth National People's Congress (March 1999)

Third Session of the Ninth National People's Congress (March 2000)

Fourth Session of the Ninth National People's Congress (March 2001)

Fifth Session of the Ninth National People's Congress (March 2002)

 Tenth March 2003-March 2008  2,985  Wu Bangguo 

First Session of the 10th National People's Congress (March 2003)

Second Session of the 10th National People's Congress (March 2004)

Third Session of the 10th National People's Congress (March 2005)

Fourth Session of the 10th National People's Congress (March 2006)

Fifth Session of the 10th National People's Congress (March 2007) 

 Eleventh March 2008-March 2013  2,987  Wu Bangguo 

First Session of the 11th National People's Congress (March 2008) 

Second Session of the 11th National People's Congress (March 2009)

Third Session of the 11th National People's Congress (March 2010)

Fourth Session of the 11th National People's Congress (March 2011)

Fifth Session of the 11th National People's Congress (March 2012)

 Twenlfth March 2013-March 2018  2,987   

First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (March 2013)

 

References:

1. (Chinese) Previous NPCs. Xinhua. Jan 18, 2013.