State Supreme Science and Technology Award of China
Explosions expert Zheng Zhemin (left) chats with radar engineer Wang Xiaomo ahead of an award ceremony on Friday. The two won China's top science awards. Ju Peng / Xinhua
The State Supreme Science and Technology Award of China (in simplified Chinese 国家最高科学技术奖) is the highest prize awarded to scientists in China by the president. It is also known as China's Nobel Prize.
It has been awarded annually since 2000, and up to two winners can be chosen each year.
Each winner receives 5 million yuan ($803,792), 10% of which is award money, and 90% to fund a scientific research project of his choosing.
On Jan 18, 2013, President Hu Jintao presented the award for 2012 to explosion mechanics expert Zheng Zhemin and radar engineer Wang Xiaomo.
1. Award winners
1. Award winners
The Chinese government has given the annual award to 22 distinguished scientists, including Zheng and Wang.
Combo photo shows scientists honored the State Supreme Science and Technology Award of China from the year of 2000 to 2005, including mathematician Wu Wenjun, hybrid rice developer Yuan Longping, IT expert Wang Xuan, physical scientist Huang Kun (up, from left to right), computer scientist Jin Yilian, geologist Liu Dongsheng, aerospace scientist Wang Yongzhi and atmospheric physicist Ye Duzheng (down, from left to right). [Photo/Xinhua]
Combo photo shows scientists honored the State Supreme Science and Technology Award of China from the year of 2005 to 2010, including (top, L to R) liver and gall specialist Wu Mengchao, wheat breeding expert Li Zhensheng, petrochemical scientist Min Enze, botanist Wu Zhengyi, neurologist Wang Zhongcheng, (bottom, L to R) chemist Xu Guangxian, space scientist Sun Jiadong, mathematician Gu Chaohao, material expert Shi Changxu and hematologist Wang Zhenyi. [Photo/Xinhua]
Physicist Xie Jialin won the State Supreme Science and Technology Award of China for 2011. [Photo/most.gov.cn]
Architect Wu Liangyong won the State Supreme Science and Technology Award of China for 2011. [Photo/most.gov.cn]
2000: Wu Wenjun (mathematician; born May 12, 1919);
Yuan Longping (father of hybrid rice; born Sept 7, 1930);
2001: Wang Xuan (computer scientist; Feb 5, 1937-Feb 13, 2006);
Huang Kun (physicist; Sept 2, 1919-July 6, 2005);
2002: Jin Yilian (computer scientist; born Sept 1929)
2003: Liu Dongsheng (geologist; Nov 24, 1917-March 6, 2008);
Wang Yongzhi (aerospace scientist; born Nov 17, 1932)
2004: No award given
2005: Ye Duzheng (meteorologist; born Feb 21, 1916);
Wu Mengchao (hepatobiliary surgery scientist and surgeon; born August 31, 1922)
2006: Li Zhensheng (plant geneticist; born Feb 25, 1931)
2007: Min Enze (petrochemical engineer; born Feb 8, 1924);
Wu Zhengyi (biologist; born June 13, 1919)
2008: Wang Zhongcheng (neurologist; born Dec 20, 1925);
Xu Guangxian (chemist; born Nov 7, 1920)
2009: Gu Chaohao (mathematician; May 15, 1926-June 24, 2012);
Sun Jiadong (satellite engineer; born April 8, 1929)
2010: Shi Xuchang (material scientist; born Nov 15, 1920);
Wang Zhenyi (pathophysiologist; born Nov 30, 1924)
2011: Xie Jialin (physicist; born August 8, 1920);
Wu Liangyong (architect; born May 7, 1922)
2012: Zheng Zhemin (physicist; born Oct 2, 1924);
Wang Xiaomo (radar engineer; born Nov 11, 1938)
1. (English) Awards recognize scientists.China Daily. Jan 19, 2013.
2. (Chinese) The State Scientific and Technological Awards. baike.baidu.com.
3. (English) Scientist boosts China's armor development. China Daily. Jan 19, 2013.
4. (English) Scientists honored State Top Scientific and Technological Award before 2011. Xinhua. Feb 14, 2012.
5. (English) Explosion mechanics expert Zheng Zhemin wins top science award. Xinhua. Jan 18, 2013.
6. (English) Scientists awarded top prize, Xi urges innovation-driven growth. Xinhua. Jan 18, 2013.
7. (Chinese) Decision on Revising Rules to Implement the Regulation for National Science & Technology Awards. The official website of the National Office for Science & Technology Awards. Dec 30, 2008.
8. (Chinese) Regulation for National Science & Technology Awards. The official website of Ministry of Science and Technology of China. Dec 20, 2003.